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Latest Syllabus for Electrical Engineering Semester 6, Mumbai University

This blog presents the latest syllabus for all the subjects of Semester 6 of Electrical Engineering, MU.

To get better grades in your University Exams, you must be aware of the latest syllabus.

Syllabus for Sem-6 Electrical Engineering, Mumbai University


The syllabus is taken from the official University Website.
While writing this article, the syllabus revised on 2019 is in force.

How many subjects are there for sem-6 Electrical Engineers studying in Mumbai University?

According to the latest syllabus of Electrical Engineering, MU, you will have 8 subjects listed below.

Sr. No. Subjects
1. Power System Protection
and Switchgear
2. Microcontroller
3. Control System Design
4. Signals and Systems
5. Special Electrical
6. Electric Traction
7.High Voltage
8. Energy Storage

Generally, each subject is held for 100 Marks comprising 70 Marks of University Papers and 30 Marks for Internal Assessment.

The detailed syllabus for each subject is as follows:-

Power System Protection and Switchgear

Unit -I (Substation Equipment and switching devices ).
Substation Equipment: Instrument Transformers: Role of instrument transformers in measuring and protection, difference between measuring and protection CTs, selection of technically suitable instrument transformers;

Switchgear-Definition, Types, Location of switchgear in typical power system, single line diagram to show the measuring and protection scheme

Switching Devices– Isolator & Earthing switch (Requirements & definitions, types and construction, Pantograph Isolators, Ratings), Load break switches- Ratings and applications; Contactors- Basic working principle, Terms & Definitions, applications.
Unit –II (Circuit Breakers and Fuses:)

Circuit Breaker: Arc initiation, arc quenching principles, Re-striking voltage, RRRV, Recovery voltage, Types of Circuit Breakers: For LV application- MCB, MCCB, ELCB, air circuit breakers. For HV application- SF6 circuit breakers, vacuum circuit breakers (working principle, Construction, operating mechanisms, ratings & applications),
Mechanical life, Electrical life and testing of circuit breakers. Principle and applications of LV and HV DC circuit breakers

Fuses & their applications-Introduction, classification, working principle and applications of re-wirable and HRC fuses, Expulsion and drop out fuses, Fusing factor, selection of fuse link and cut off characteristics
Unit –III (Introduction to Protective relaying:)
Shunt & Series Faults, causes and Effects of faults, Importance of protective relaying, Protective zones, primary & Back-up protection, Different types of backup protection, desirable qualities of protective relaying, PSM & TSM(Importance, Different types of Time- current characteristics and application), working principle of Electromagnetic Induction disc Relays, Thermal, bimetal relays, Frequency relays, under/over voltage relays, DC relays,

Different Principles of protection – Over current & earth fault (non- directional & directional types), differential protection(current and voltage type), distance protection (Working Principle and application of Impedance relay, Causes and remedies of Over reach-under reach, Reactance and Mho relay, Power swing blocking relay).
Unit –IV (Protection Schemes Provided for major Apparatus:)
Generators – Stator side (Differential, Restricted Earth fault, protection for 100% winding, Negative phase sequence, Reverse power, turn-turn fault), Rotor side (Field suppression, field failure, Earth fault, turn to turn fault)

Transformers-Differential protection for star delta Transformer, Harmonic restraint relay, REF protection, Protection provided for incipient faults (Gas actuated relay).

Induction motors – Protection of motor against over load, short circuit, earth fault, single phasing, unbalance, locked rotor, phase reversal, under voltage, winding temperature, Protection co-ordination
Unit -V (Protection of Transmission Lines:)
Feeder protection – Time grading, current grading, combined time & current grading protection provided for Radial, Ring Main, Parallel, T- Feeder.

Bus Zone Protection – Differential protection provided for different types of bus zones. LV, MV, HV Transmission Lines – Protection provided by over current, earth fault, Differential and Stepped distance protection.

EHV & UHV Transmission lines – Type and nature of faults, Need for auto-reclosure schemes, Carrier aided distance protection (Directional comparison method), Power Line Carrier Current protection (Phase comparison method). Introduction to the concept of
Unit VI :- (Introduction to Static & Numerical Relays:)
Static Relays- Introduction, Definition, Advantages and Disadvantages, Application of op- amps, logic gates, DSP, in static/ digital Relays. Relays as comparators (Amplitude & phase),

Numerical Relays– Introduction, Block diagram of numerical relay, Signal sampling, Anti –Aliasing Filter, Introduction to the concept of Phase Measurement Unit

Microcontroller Applications

Unit -I (Introduction to Microcontroller).
Block diagram of generic microcontroller, Microcontroller versus Microprocessor, A brief history of PIC microcontroller, Overview of PIC 18 family and features, Internal Bus structure of PIC microcontroller, Clock frequency, machine cycle and instruction cycle.
Unit –II ( PIC18F Programming Model and Instruction Set)

PIC18 microcontroller programming model, Bus architecture, program memory and data memory organization, Special Function Registers (SFRs), General Purpose Registers (GPRs)

CPU registers: Working Register (Wreg), Status Register, Bank Select Register (BSR), Instruction Decoder

Memory Pointers: Program ROM and Program Counter (PC), Data ROM and Table Pointer (TBLPTR), File memory and File Select Register (FSR), Stack and Stack Pointer (STKPTR) PIC 18 internal Architecture: ALU, EEPROM, RAM, IO Ports, Timer, ADC, Serial port, CCP, Pipelining. (conceptual overview only)

Instructions and Assembly Programs: Instruction Set, Instruction formats, Addressing modes, Assembler Directives, Assembly programs. (Assembly programs are restricted to basic arithmetic, logical and data transfer operations only)
Unit –III (PIC 18 Support Devices)
Timer Module: Basic Concept of Timers and counters, Timer Registers, Control Registers, 8 bit and 16 bit operation (only for Timer 0), CCP module (Capture, Compare and PWM), Watch dog Timer.

ADC module: ADC Features, Block diagram of ADC module, ADC Registers, ADCON0, ADCON1 and ADCON2.

Interrupt Module: Basic concept of Interrupt, PIC 18 Interrupts, Interrupt versus polling, Interrupt sources, Interrupt vector, Interrupt service routine, Interrupt process, RCON, INTCON, IPR1 and PIE1.
Unit –IV (Parallel Ports and Serial Communication:)
IO PORT Module: Basic concept of I/O interfacing, PORT Registers, TRIS Registers, LAT Registers, Simple input /output peripheral interfacing (switches & LEDs). Serial communication: Basics of serial communication, Data framing, USART module, SPBRG, TXREG, RCREG, TXSTA, RCSTA, PIR1
Unit -V (PIC Programming in C)
IO programming: Byte size IO, Bit addressable IO. Timer programming: Generating delay, generating square wave. (for Timer0 using Interrupt based programming only)

Serial port programming: Transmit data serially, Receive data serially. (Interrupt based
programming only)
Unit -VI (Microcontroller Applications)
Interfacing matrix keyboard and Seven segments LED display, LCD Interfacing, ADC Interfacing, Traffic signal controller, DC motor interfacing, Stepper motor interfacing, PWM signal generation.

Control System Design

Unit -I (Introduction to the Compensator:)
Basic concept of compensator design, its requirement, cascade compensator, feedback compensator, gain compensation, lag, lead and lag-lead compensator, proportional, derivative, integral Compensation, physical realization of compensator with passive and active components, basic block diagrams of a compensated closed loop control system.
Unit –II (Design of Compensators using Root Locus Technique:)
Introduction, improving steady state error by gain compensation, transient response
improvement by cascade compensation, improving steady state and transient response.
Unit –III (Design of Compensators using Frequency Response Technique (Bode Plot):)
Introduction, Relation between closed-loop time response parameters of peak time, settling time, and percent overshoot with the open-loop frequency response parameters, transient response improvement by gain adjustment, Lag compensation, Lead compensation, Lag-lead compensation
Unit –IV (Design of Compensators using State variable approach:)
Introduction, pole placement topology, controller design by pole placement topology in phase variable form, controllability, controllability matrix, controllability by inspection, alternative approach to controller design, controller design by transformation. Introduction to Observer / estimator, observability, , observability matrix, observability
by inspection, observer design by pole placement, alternative approach to Observer design. Steady state error design using integral control
Unit -V (Digital control System:)
Introduction, advantage of digital control, components of digital control system, derivation of digital/ pulse transfer function, block diagram reduction, stability of digital system on Z-plane, bilinear transformation, steady state error and error constants
Unit VI (Design of Digital Compensators:)
Transient response on the Z-plane, gain design on Z plane for transient response using root locus, stability design by root locus, cascade compensation (design of digital lead, lag and lag-lead compensator)of digital system using s-plane, implementing the digital compensator.

Signals and Systems

Unit -I (Introduction- Classification of Signals and Systems: ).
Definitions of signal and system. Standard signals- Step, Ramp, Pulse, impulse, Real and complex exponentials and Sinusoids, Classification of signals – Continuous time (CT) and Discrete Time (DT) signals, Periodic & Aperiodic signals, Deterministic & Random signals, Even and odd, Energy & Powersignals, Classification of systems- Linear/ Non-Linear, Time- Variant/Invariant , Causal /Anti causal, stable/unstable, Memory/ Memory less System (static and dynamic), Sampling Theorem (Derivation is not Required).

Basic operations on signals-Folding, Scaling and Time shifting). Convolution in DT domain
(Matrix Method only)
Unit –II (Z-Transform )
Z-Transform of bilateral signal, Definition of ROC, Properties of ROC, Properties of Z- transform, Inverse Z-Transform (only partial fraction).
Unit –III (Frequency Response & Fourier Series:)
Pole-zero plot in DT domain, Minimum phase, Maximum phase, Mixed phase and Linear, Phase System based on location of zeros, Low pass, high pass, Band pass and band reject system based on pass band frequency, Formation of Difference Equation, Solution of difference Equation (with & without initial Conditions), Zero input, zero state and Total
Response of the system, Magnitude and phase response (only Analytical Method). ,

Introduction to Fourier Series: Representation of continuous time Periodic Signals, convergence of the Fourier Series, Properties of continuous time Fourier Series, Fourier Series representation of discrete time periodic signals, Properties of discrete time Fourier Series
Unit –IV (Discrete and Fast Fourier Transform)
DTFT, DFT & IDFT (Only Matrix Method), Properties of DFT, DIT FFT Algorithm (Radix-2)
Unit -V (Design of FIR System )
Introduction to FIR System, Group Delay, phase Delay, Condition for Linear phase FIR system, Window Technique (only Rectangular window function, Hamming Window function)
Unit VI :- ( Design of IIR System)
Introduction to IIR System & Bilinear Transformation, Digital Butterworth Filter design
using Bilinear Transformation

Electric Traction

Unit -I (Introduction to Electric Traction: ).
Requirements of Ideal Traction Systems, the Indian Scenario of Electric traction, Present day State of art Electric traction as a Viable Transport Strategy, Advantages of Electric Traction over other systems of traction, Ideal choice of traction system, Power supply systems for Electric Traction, DC systems, Single phase ac system and three phase ac systems, Kando systems, Latest Developments in 3phase with special reference to locomotives, EMUs and
Metro stock, Role of Battery banks in Traction, types and maintenance.
Unit –II (Traction Mechanics: )
Types of services, Speed-Time Curve, Trapezoidal, Quadrilateral Speed-Time Curve, Mechanics of train movement, Different Speed – time characteristics for train movement, Requirement of tractive effort and tractive effort produced, Train resistance, Power output and energy output from driving axles, Specific energy consumption & Factors affecting SEC, Adhesion & Coefficient of adhesion, Concept of Weight Transfer and weight transfer due to torque exerted by Traction motor, Influence of Electrical parts on Co-efficient of adhesion, wheel slip detection device (Numericals)
Unit –III (Traction motor and Drives:)
Type of traction motor best suited for traction duties, Available motor characteristics and their suitability for traction duties, speed control methods, Braking methods, special Emphasis and techniques of regenerative braking, Optimization of design and construction features for improved power to weight ratio, Power Factor and Harmonics, Tractive Effort and Drive Ratings, Important Features of Traction Drives, conventional DC and AC Traction
drives, Semiconductor/IGBT based Converter Controlled Drives, DC Traction using Chopper Controlled Drives, AC Traction employing Poly-phase motors, Traction control of DC locomotives and EMU’s, Traction control system of AC locomotives, Control gear, PWM control of induction motors, Power & Auxiliary circuit equipment (Other than traction motors), Linear Induction motors, introduction to Maglev Technology.
Unit –IV (Power Supply Arrangement and Protection:)
Traction substation, spacing and location of Traction substations, Major equipment attraction substation, selection and sizing of major equipment like transformer and Switchgear, Types of protection provided for Transformer and overhead lines, surge protection, maximum demand and load sharing between substations, sectionalizing paralleling post and feeder posts, Booster transformers, Return Conductor, 2X25KV AC system, controlling/monitoring, Railway SCADA systems, Train lighting and Air-conditioning
Unit -V (Overhead Equipment and Track circuits: )
Design requirement of catenary wire, contact wire, Dropper, Height, span length, Automatic weight tensioning, section insulator, overlap, Different techniques of current collection (overhead and underground systems), neutral section, overhead crossing of power lines, Protection.
Unit VI :- ( Railway Signaling:)
Block Section Concept, AC/DC Track Circuits, Interlocking Principle, Train speed and signaling, Solid state Interlocking, Automatic Warning Systems, CAB signaling, Signaling level crossing. Permissible limit of EMI and EMC, Permissible capacitively-coupled current, Coupling between circuits, conductive coupling, Electrostatic induction.

Special Electrical Machines

Unit -I (Stepper motor and its Control:)
Features, construction, application and working of Stepper motor

Characteristics – Open Loop and Closed Loop Control – Control Strategies -Power

Converter Circuit –DSP/ Microcontroller based Control
Unit –II (Switched reluctance Motor and its Control:)
Features, construction, application and working of Switched Reluctance motor; Open Loop and Closed Loop Control- Control Strategies – Power Converter Circuit –DSP/ Microcontroller based Control – Sensor less control
Unit –III (Brushless DC Machines and its control:)
Brushless DC Machines Construction and working principle, Equivalent magnetic circuit, Type of converter and speed control, Comparison between the axial and radial permanent magnet motors, Applications.

Characteristics – Open Loop and Closed Loop Control – Control Strategies – Power

Converter Circuit –DSP/ Microcontroller based Control
Unit –IV (Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine and its control:)
Features, construction , application and working of PMSM, Characteristics – Open Loop and Closed Loop Control – Control Strategies – Power Converter Circuit –DSP/ Microcontroller based Control
Unit -V (Synchronous Reluctance Motor and its control)
Construction, Working, Phasor Diagram, Torque Equation, Control – Direct Axis Current Control, Fast Torque Response Control, Advantages
Unit VI (Linear Induction Machine)
Construction, Types, Working, Feature, Thrust Equation, Equivalent circuit, Characteristics, Control, Application

Energy Storage

Unit -I (Introduction to Energy Storage systems and components:)
Historical Perspective, Storage Needs, Variations in Energy Demand, Interruptions in Energy Supply, Demand for Portable Energy, Environmental and sustainability issues; Necessity of energy storage, different types of energy storage, mechanical, chemical, electrical, electrochemical, biological, magnetic, electromagnetic, thermal, comparison
of energy storage technologies;
Unit –II (Thermal Energy Storage:)
Principles and applications, Latent heat, sensible heat storage. Molten salt, Solar pond, seasonal thermal energy storage, Ice storage; Energy and exergy analysis of thermal energy storage.
Unit –III (Mechanical Energy Storage:)
Potential Energy Storage, Energy Storage in Pressurized Gas, Compressed air energy storage (CAES), Flywheel, Applications
Unit –IV (Electrochemical Energy Storage:)
Parameters to be considered, Cyclic behaviour, equivalent circuit of electrochemical cell, self-discharge, Battery technologies: Flow battery, Rechargeable battery, Lead-acid, Nickel-Metal hydride, Lithium Ion; Battery system model, parameters; emerging trends in batteries.

Fuel Cell: types, comparison and applications.
Unit -V (Electrical Energy Storage:)
Pumped hydro storage system, Energy Storage in Capacitors, Comparative Magnitudes of Energy Storage, Transient behaviour of a Capacitor, Super-capacitor, series connection of super capacitors, charge balancing of super capacitors; Superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES), Applications
Unit VI (Design, Sizing and Applications of Energy Storage:)
Design considerations for sizing of different types of energy storage systems for various applications, case studies;
Renewable energy storage- Battery sizing for stand-alone applications; Small scale application-Portable storage systems; (Numerical)

E-mobility storage applications- Electric vehicles (EVs), batteries, super-capacitors and fuel cells, future technologies. Electric vehicle: V2X, G2V and V2G modes of operation. Hybrid Energy storage systems: configurations and applications.

Energy Storage – Charging methodologies, SoC, SoH, SoS estimation techniques.

You can refer Previous University Papers & Solutions by Experts for 6 th sem here,

All the Best!

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