 Gravitation, Astrophysics, Magnetism and Magneto Statics-Physics-BSC-Nagpur-Summer-2019 - Grad Plus

# Gravitation, Astrophysics, Magnetism and Magneto Statics-Physics-BSC-Nagpur-Summer-2019

## Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) Semester—2 Examination PHYSICS (Gravitation,Astrophysics,Magnetism &Magneto Statics)

Optional Paper—1
Time : 3 Hours
Maximum Marks : 50

N.B. :— (1) All questions are compulsory and carry equal marks.
(2) Draw well labelled diagram wherever necessary.

EITHER
1. (A) Derive an expression for the gravitational potential due to a solid sphere at a point :

(i) Outside

(ii) On the surface of sphere. [5M]

(B) (i) Define Gravitational Potential and Potential energy and obtain the relation between
potential and intensity of gravitational field. [3M]

(ii) Calculate the intensity of gravitational field at a distance 0.2 m from the surface of a
solid sphere of mass 20 kg and radius 20 cm. Given G = 6.67 × 10–11 Nm2/kg2. [2M]

OR

(C) Deduce an expression for gravitational self energy. [2½M]

(D) Calculate the gravitational energy of a galaxy if the distance between a pair of stars is
averagely 1020 m and composed of 1.6 × 1011 stars of mass 2 × 1030 each. [2½M]

(E) Derive an expression for the Gauss’s law. [2½M]

(F) State and explain Newton’s law of gravitation. Define gravitation constant (G). [2½M]

EITHER

2. (A) What is Star ? Deduce an expression for the mass of the sun when a planet is orbiting in
a circular path of radius R. [5M]

(B) (i) Write short note on Asteroids and meteors. [3M]

(ii) A Star has a surface temperature of 1500°K. The Star will radiate its maximum energy
in what part of spectrum ?
[Given : Wein’s constant b = 3 × 10–3 mK] [2M]

OR

(C) What are Galaxies ? Give their classification. [2½M]

(D) Write short note on corona of Sun. [2½M]

(E) Explain the significance of stellar spectrum. [2½M]

(F) Earth receives an amount of heat radiation 1.4 × 103 Wm–2 from the sun. Assume the earth
re-emits all the radiation received from the Sun. Calculate the surface temperature of the earth. [2½M]

EITHER

3. (A) Explain Langevin’s theory of diamagnetism and derive an expression for the magnetic
susceptibility of diamagnetic substance. [5M]

(B) (i) What is Curie-Weiss law ? Derive an expression for Curie temperature. [3M]

(ii) The magnetic susceptibility of a medium is 940 × 10–4. Calculate its absolute and
relative permeability. [2M]

OR

(C) What are Ferrites ? Write their applications. [2½M]

(D) Compare ferromagnetism and ferrimagnetism. [2½M]

(E) Explain the effect of temperature on antiferromagnetic material. [2½M]

(F) Lead in superconducting state has critical temperature of 6.2 K, at zero magnetic field and
critical field of 0.064 Am–1 at 0 K. Determine the critical field at 4 K. [2½M]

EITHER

4. (A) Deduce Ampere’s circuital law. Find the expression for magnetic field due to solenoid using
Ampere’s circuital law. [5M]

(B) (i) Obtain the expression for magnetic induction at a point due to a long straight conductor
carrying current I. [3M]

(ii) 20 ampere current is flowing in a long straight wire. What will be the intensity of
magnetic field at a distance 10 cm from the wire μ0 = 4π × 10–7 wb/A-m. [2M]

OR

(C) Explain the terms :—

(i) Magnetization current

(ii) Magnetic field vector. [2½M]

(D) State Biot-Savert’s Law. Obtain an expression for magnetic field intensity near a straight
conductor carrying current. [2½M]

(E) Deduce the relation between $Latex \overrightarrow B$ , $Latex \overrightarrow H$ and $Latex \overrightarrow M$  [2½M]

(F) A circular coil of radius 5 cm has 50 turns and carries a current of 10 mA. Calculate the
magnetic induction at the centre of coil. [2½M]

5. Attempt any TEN :—  1×10=10M

(i) Define gravitational self energy.

(ii) State Kepler’s second law of planetary motion.

(iii) Calculate the force of gravitation between two bodies of masses 1 kg each and distance of
separation from their centre is 1 m (G = 6.67 × 10–11 Nm2/kg2).

(iv) Write the sequence of planets in our solar system according to distance from Sun.

(v) Define a light year.

(vi) Give any two characteristics of star.

(vii) Give any two examples of paramagnetic material.

(viii) Define Curie temperature.

(ix) Write the formula for Bohr’s magneton.

(x) Give the relation between Tesla and Gauss.

(xi) What is magnetic susceptibility ?

(xii) Draw magnetic lines of forces in a bar magnet.

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