**[Time: 3 Hours]****[Total Marks: 80]****N.B.: 1) Question No 1 is compulsory.**** 2) Attempt any THREE questions from the remaining questions.**** 3) Assumptions made should be clearly stated.**** 4) Figures to the right indicate full marks.**

Q. 1 All questions are compulsory **(20M)**

a) Distinguish between land survey and construction survey.

b) Distinguish between digital level and auto-level

c) Distinguish between block contouring and radial contouring.

d) Distinguish between conventional theodolite and electronic theodolite.

Q. 2. (a) Explain with neat sketch various elements of the simple curve and also derive the relation between the degree of the curve and its radius. **(10M)**

b) Explain the stepwise procedure to check the verticality of the building. **(10M)**

Q. 3 a) Two tangents intersect at a chainage of 1230m the deflection angle being 30˚ calculate all the data required for setting out a simple circular curve of 330m radius by Rankine’s method. **(10M)**

b) What is GPS? What are the advantages of a space-based positioning system and enlist the various applications of GPS in surveying.**(10M)**

Q. 4 a) What is a transition curve? What are the requirements of an ideal transition curve? Enlist the objective of providing a transition curve and mention the different types of transition curves. **(10M)**

b) A 0.5% rising gradient meets -0.7% down gradient. The chainage and RL of intersection are 550m and 375.50m respectively. Calculate the RL of the points on the curve if PI is 20m. The rate of change of grade is 0.1% per 20m. Tabulate the results. **(10M)**

Q. 5 a) Explain the method of radial contouring in detail with a proper diagram that is performed during the project. **(10M)**

b) What is electro digital theodolite? Explain all its field applications. **(10M)**

Q. 6. All questions are compulsory. **(20M)**

a) Short note on-site square.

b) Explain 7/12 Utara.

c) Objectives of GIS.

d) Objectives of hydrographic surveying.

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