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Basic Civil And Environmental Engineering-Pune

Teaching scheme:
Lectures – 3 Hrs./Week
Practicals- 2Hrs./Week

Examination Scheme:
Online Exam-50 Marks
Paper – 50 Marks
Term work-25 marks


Unit 1: Introduction to Civil Engineering (6 hours)

a) Basic Areas in Civil Engineering Surveying, Construction Engineering, Fluid Mechanics, Transportation Engineering, Irrigation Engineering, Project Management, Structural Engineering, Geotechnical and Foundation Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Quantity Surveying, Town Planning, Earthquake Engineering, Infrastructure Development.

b) Role of Civil Engineer in the construction of buildings, dams, expressways and infrastructure projects for 21st century. Importance of an interdisciplinary approach in engineering.

Unit 2: Materials and Construction (6 hours)

a) Basic materials for construction – cement, bricks, stone, natural and artificial sand, Reinforcing Steel-Mild, Tor and High Tensile Steel. Concrete types – PCC, RCC Prestressed and Precast. Recycling of materials.

b) Substructure – Definition and Function of Foundations, (Only concepts of settlement and Bearing capacity of soils.) Types of shallow foundations, Deep foundation (only concept of friction and end bearing pile).

c) Superstructure – Types of loads :- DL and LL, wind loads, earthquake considerations. Types of Construction-Load Bearing, Framed, Composite. Fundamental requirements of masonary.

d) Introduction to automation in construction:- Concept, need, examples related to different civil engineering projects.

Unit 3: Uses of maps and field surveys (6 hours)

a) Principles of survey. Introduction to scale, types of maps and their uses. Modern survey methods using levels, Theodolite, EDM, lasers, total station and GPS. Measuring areas from maps using digital planimeter.

b) simple and differential leveling for setting out various benchmarks, determining the elevations of different points and preparation of contour maps. Introduction to GIS Software and its applications areas.


Unit 4: Ecology and Eco System (6 hours)

a) Concept of Environment – biotic and abiotic factors. Impact of the human behaviour and the technological advancements on the environment. Need for conserving natural resources and preserving the environment. Engineer’s role in achieving sustainable development. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) (only concept).

b) Introduction to solid waste management, electronic wastes. and its disposal.

Unit 5 :Planning for the Built Environment (6 hours)

a) Concept of an integrated built environment-natural and manmade. Principles of planning, viz. Aspect, Prospect, Roominess, Grouping, Privacy, Circulation, Sanitation, Orientation, Economy.

b) Use of various eco-friendly materials in construction. Concept of green buildings.

c) Role of by-laws in regulating the environment. Concept of built up area, plinth area. Plot area, FSI

Unit 6: Energy and Environmental Pollution (6 hours)

a) Types of energy:- conventional and non-conventional. Need for harnessing alternative energies to meet the increased demand. Methods of harnessing energies.

b) Sources, causes, effects and remedial measures associated with
1. Air Pollution
2.Water Pollution
3. Noise Pollution
4. Land Pollution

Term Work:
Any 8 Practical Exercises from those given below should be carried out, record to be submitted in the field book and file which will form a part of term work.

1. Study of any 4 types of maps and writing their uses.
2. Exercise on use of dumpy level and laser level.
3. Measurement of area of irregular figures by digital planimeter.
4. Drawing of plan elevation & section for a residential building, single-storeyed framed/load bearing structure. Preparing schedule of openings [On half imperial sheet.]
5. Determination of coordinates of a traverse using Global Positioning System (GPS)
6. Measurement of distance by EDM and comparing it with the distance measured using tape.
7. Visit to a construction site for studying the various construction materials used, type of structure, type of foundation and components of superstructure – submission of visit report.
8. Demonstration of use of any 4 Civil Engineering software.
9. Making a poster (Full imperial sheet size) in a group of 4 students, related to Energy/Environment.
10. Presentation in a group of 4 students, any case study related to Energy/Environment.

Text Books:

1. Surveying and Levelling by Kanitkar, Kulkarni,—Pune Vidyarthi Prakashana
2. Build Planning and Built Environment by Shah, Kale, Patki–Tata Mc Graw Hill
4. Civil Engg. Materials by Dr. S.V. Deodhar— Khanna Publications

Reference Books:

1. Basic Civil Engineering by M.S. Palanichamy Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing Co.Ltd.N.D.
2. Basic Civil Engineering by Shatheesh Gopi–Pearson
3. Elements of Civil Engg. and Engg. Mech. by R.V. Raikar–PHI Learning Pvt Ltd.

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