GATE 2019 Question Paper with Answer Keys for Architecture and Planning (AR) - Grad Plus

# GATE 2019 Question Paper with Answer Keys for Architecture and Planning (AR)

Q.1-Q.5 Carry one mark each.

Q.1- The fishermen, _____ the flood victims owed their lives, were rewarded by the government.

(A) whom

(B) to which

(C) to whom

(D) that

Ans: (C) to whom

Q.2- Some students were not involved in the strike.

If the above statement is true, which of the following conclusions is/are logically necessary?

1. some who were involved in the strike were students.
2. No students was involved in the strike.
3. At least one student was involved in the strike.
4. Some who were not involved in the strike were students.

(A) 1 and 2

(B) 3

(C) 4

(D) 2 and 3

Ans: (C) 4

Q.3- The radius as well as the height of a circular cone increases by 10%. The percentage increase in its volume is ____.

(A) 17.1

(B) 21.0

(C) 33.1

(D) 72.8

Ans:(C) 33.1

Q.4- Five numbers 10, 7, 5, 4 and 2 are to be arranged in a sequence from left to right following the directions given below:

1. No two odd or even numbers are next to each other.
2. The second number from the left is exactly half of the left-most number.
3. The middle number is exactly twice the right-most number.

which is the second number from the right?

(A) 2

(B) 4

(C) 7

(D) 10

Ans:(C) 7

Q.5- Until Iran came along, India had never been ____ in kabaddi.

(A) defeated

(B) defeating

(C) defeat

(D) defeatist

Ans:(A) defeated

Q.6- Q.10 carry two marks each.

Q.6- Since the last one year, after a 125 basis point reduction in repo rate by the Reserve Bank of India, banking institutions have been making a demand to reduce interest rates on small savings. Finally, the government announced yesterday a reduction in interest rates on small saving schemes to bring them on par with fixed deposit interest rates.

Which one of the following statements can be inferred from the given passage?

(A) Whenever the Reserve Bank of India reduces the repo rate, the interest rates on small saving schemes are also reduced.

(B) Interest rates on small saving schemes are always maintained on par with fixed deposit interest rates.

(C) The government sometimes takes into consideration the demands of banking institutions before reducing the interest rates on small saving schemes.

(D) A reduction in interest rates on small saving schemes follow only after a reduction in repo rate by the Reserve Bank of India.

Ans: (C) The government sometimes takes into consideration the demands of banking institutions before reducing the interest rates on small saving schemes.

Q.7- In a country of 1400 millions population, 70% own mobile phones. Among the mobile phone owners, only 294 million access the Internet. Among these Internet users, only half buy goods from e-commerce portals. What is the percentage of these buyers in the country?

(A) 10.50

(B) 14.70

(C) 15.00

(D) 50.00

Ans: (A) 10.50

Q.8- The nomenclature of Hindustani music has changed over the centuries. Since the medieval period dhrupad styles were identified as baanis. Terms like gayaki and baaj were used to refer to vocal and instrumental styles, respectively. With the institutionalization of music education the term gharana became acceptable. Gharana originally referred to hereditary musicians from a particular lineage, including disciples and grand disciples.

Which one of the following pairings is NOT correct?

(B) gayaki, vocal

(C) baaj, institution

(D) gharana, lineage

Ans: (C) baaj, institution

Q.9- Two trains started at 7 AM from the same point. The first train travelled north at a speed of 80km/h and the second train travelled south at a speed of 100km/h. The time at which they were 540 km apart is ____ AM.

(A) 9

(B) 10

(C) 11

(D) 11.30

Ans: (B) 10

Q.10- ” I read somewhere that in ancient times the prestige of a kingdom depended upon the number of taxes that it was able to levy on its people. It was very much like the prestige of a head-hunter in his own community.”

Based on the paragraph above, the prestige of a head-hunter depended upon _____

(A) the prestige of the kingdom

(B) the prestige of the heads

(C) the number of taxes he could levy

(D) the number of heads he could gather

Ans: (D) the number of heads he could gather

Q.1-Q.25 Carry one mark each.

Q.1- Which of the following commands in AUTOCAD is used to create 3D solid between various cross sections?

(A) LOFT

(B) MESH

(C) XEDGES

(D) PFACE

Ans: (A) LOFT

Q.2- Name the architect who criticized ornament in useful objects in his essay ‘ornamnet and Crime’.

(A) John Ruskin

(B) H P Berlage

(D) Walter Gropius

Q.3- A sanitary landfill is provided with High Density Poly Ethylene (HDPE) lining along the ground surface. This is provided primarily to prevent

(A) Bleaching

(B) Leaching

(C) Rodents

(D) Plant growth

Ans: (B) Leaching

Q.4- Super-elevation of a road with pre-determined radius of curvature is primarily dependent on

(A) Altitude

(B) Soil bearing capacity

(C) Traffic volume

(D) Design traffic speed

Ans: (D) Design traffic speed

Q.5- In a mono-centric urban model, land rent is expected to

(A) diminish as one moves towards the center

(B) diminish as one moves away from the center

(C) remain constant across the whole urban area

(D) be unrelated with distance from center

Ans: (B) diminish as one moves away from the center

Q.6- Fineness modulus of sand measures its

(A) Compressive strength

(B) Grading according to practical size

(C) Bulking of sand

(D) Ratio of coarse and fine sand

Ans: (B) Grading according to practical size

Q.7- The spherical surface of the geodesic dome comprises of

(A) Equilateral triangles of various sizes

(B) Isosceles triangles of various sizes

(C) Equilateral triangles of uniform size

(D) Isosceles triangles of uniform size

Ans: (C) Equilateral triangles of uniform size

Q.8- The abrupt change or junction between two ecological zones is termed as

(A) Ecological niche

(B) Ecosystem

(C) Ecotype

(D) Ecotone

Ans: (D) Ecotone

Q.9- Complementary colours in a Munsell pigment colour wheel refers to

(A) Colours in alternate positions

(B) Colours opposite to one another

(C) Colours adjacent to each other

(D) A pair of secondary colours

Ans: (B) Colours opposite to one another

Q.10- The closing syntax, for an executable command line in C or C++ program, is

(A) :

(B) ,

(C) :

(D) .

Ans: (C) :

Q.11- The term ‘Necropolis’ refers to

(A) Organically growing settlement

(B) Origin of a settlement

(D) Merging of two settlements

Q.12- Which of the following projection types is adopted in the Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM)?

(A) Spherical

(B) Conical

(C) Planar

(D) Cylindrical

Ans: (D) Cylindrical

Q.13- The ingredient to be added to produce Aerated Cement Concrete, is

(A) Aluminum

(B) Calcium chloride

(C) Gypsum

(D) Sulphur

Ans: (A) Aluminum

Q.14- The cause of short column effect, during seismic occurrence, is due to

(A) Centralized rupture of the column

(B) Tearing of reinforcement bars

(C) Buckling of column

(D) Stress concentration

Ans: (D) Stress concentration

Q.15- The solar protection system consisting or fixed slats or grids, outsides a building facade in front of openings, is known as

(A) Brise-soleil

(B) Solarium

(C) Malqaf

(D) Trombe wall

Ans: (A) Brise-soleil

Q.16- The Indian property inscribed by UNESCO on the World Heritage List in the year 2018 is

(A) Mattanchery Palace, Ernakulam

(B) The Victorian Gothic and Art Ensembles of Mumbai

(C) Ancient Buddhist Site, Sarnath

(D) Mughal Gardens in Kashmir

Ans:  (B) The Victorian Gothic and Art Ensembles of Mumbai

Q.17- Typical features of Buddhist architecture are

(A) Mandapa, Chattri, Amalaka, Torana

(B) Stambha, Torana, Vimana, Harmika

(C) Vedika, Chattri, Torana, Harmika

(D) Vedika, Stupa, Chaitrya, Vimana

Ans: (C) Vedika, Chattri, Torana, Harmika

Q.18- Identify the Queen closure

Ans: (A)

Q.19- Identify the role of Vermiculate in vertical landscapes

(A) Fertilizer

(B) Holding material

(C) Binding material

(D) Water retention element

Ans: Mark to all

Q.20- Which of the following parameters is essential to estimate the Envelope Performance Factor (EPF) Of a building as per the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC), 2011?

(A) Building type

(B) Maximum humidity

(C) Maximum and minimum monthly temperature

(D) Building occupancy duration

Ans: (D) Building occupancy duration

Q.21- The illumination level of a room is 300 lux and the efficiency of the lamps is 60. The Light Power Density (LPD) of the room in Watt/m2 is _____.

Ans: 5 to 5

Q.22- The load on a RCC column is 150 kN. The soil bearing capacity is 80 kN/m2. Assuming a factor of safety of 1.2, the side of the square column footing is ____ meter (rounded off to one decimal place).

Ans: 1.49 to 1.51

Q.23- A room is separated by a partition wall. The average intensities of sound in the source and receiving sides across the partition are 10-4 W/m2 and 10-7 W/m2 respectively. The transmission loss (TL) of the partition wall is ____ dB.

Ans: 30 to 30

Q.24- If the purchase price of 2BHK flat rises by 10 percent, the demand for such flats is observed to decrease by 8 percent. The price elasticity of the housing demand for 2BHK flats is ______ (rounded off to one decimal place).

Ans: 0.75 to 0.85

Q.25- ‘Threshold of enclosure’ created by vertical surfaces or series of vertical elements in an urban plaza, represented by the ratio of height and distance, is given by an angle of ______ degrees (rounded off to one decimal place).

Ans: 26.0 to 30.0

Q.26- Q.55 carry two marks each.

Q.26- Match the instruments in Column-I with the various types of surveying in Column-II and select the appropriate option.

(A) P-3, Q-4, R-2, S-5

(B) P-2, Q-4, R-1, S-5

(C) P-5, Q-3, R-2, S-1

(D) P-3, Q-4, R-2, S-1

Ans: (D) P-3, Q-4, R-2, S-1

Q.27- Match the charactristics of settlement system in column – I with their corresponding theroy/rules in Column – II and select the appropriate option.

(A) P-4, Q-1, R-2, S-5

(B) P-2, Q-5, R-3, S-1

(C) P-3, Q-5, R-4, S-2

(D) P-3, Q-1, R-4, S-2

Ans: (D) P-3, Q-1, R-4, S-2

Q.28- Match the architectural projects in Column- I with the architect in Column – II, and select the appropriate option.

(A) P-3, Q-1, R-2, S-5

(B) P-1, Q-2, R-5, S-3

(C) P-2, Q-1, R-5, S-4

(D) P3, Q-4, R-1, S-5

Ans: (A) P-3, Q-1, R-2, S-5

Q.29- Match the Name of the book provided in Column – I with the corresponding author in Column – II and select the appropriate option.

(A) P-2, Q-3, R-1, S-5

(B) P-5, Q-2, R-3, S-4

(C) P-5, Q-3, R-1, S-4

(D) P-2, Q-1, R-4, S-5

Ans: (A) P-2, Q-3, R-1, S-5

Q.30- Match the thermal properties in the Column – I and their respective units in Column – II and select the appropriate option.

(A) P-4, Q-1, R-5, S-2

(B) P-4, Q-3, R-1, S-2

(C) P-5, Q-3, R-1, S-4

(D) P-3, Q-4, R-2, S-1

Ans: (B) P-4, Q-3, R-1, S-2

Q.31- Match the application in the field of construction in the Column -I and the respective items in Column – II and select the appropriate option.

(A) P-5, Q-1, R-4, S-3

(B) P-4, Q-3, R-1, S-5

(C) P-5, Q-3, R-1, S-2

(D) P-3, Q-4, R-2, S-1

Ans: (C) P-5, Q-3, R-1, S-2

Q.32- Match the following types of masonry joints in Column – I with their corresponding description in Column -II, and select the appropriate option.

Q.33- Match the following in Column – I with their suitable description in Column – II, and select the appropriate option.

(A) P-2, Q-4, R-1, S-3

(B) P-2, Q-4, R-3, S-5

(C) P-1, Q-2, R-3, S-4

(D) P-3, Q-4, R-1, S-5

Ans: (D) P-3, Q-4, R-1, S-5

Q.34- Match the units provided in Column – I with their corresponding items in Column – II, and select the appropriate option.

(A) P-5, Q-1, R-4, S-3

(B) P-2, Q-3, R-4, S-5

(C) P-1, Q-2, R-3, S-4

(D) P-5, Q-4, R-1, S-2

Ans: (D) P-5, Q-4, R-1, S-2

Q.35- Match the scientific names of the trees provided in Column – I with the corresponding color of their bloom in Column – II, and select the appropriate option.

(A) P-4, Q-5, R-4, S-1

(B) P-1, Q-5, R-2, S-3

(C) P-5, Q-4, R-1, S-3

(D) P-4, Q-5, R-2, S-1

Ans: (D) P-4, Q-5, R-2, S-1

Q.36. Match the items in Column – I and their respective location in buildings/site in Column – II, and select the appropriate option.

(A) P-4, Q-5, R-2, S-3

(B) P-5, Q-1, R-3, S-2

(C) P-4, Q-1, R-5, S-3

(D) P-3, Q-4, R-5, S-2

Ans: (C) P-4, Q-1, R-5, S-3

Q.37- As per the Handbook on Barrier Free and Accessibility, CPWD – 2014, match the design guidlines in Column – I with their appropriate standards in Column – II and select the appropriate option.

(A) P-3, Q-4, R-1, S-5

(B) P-5, Q-3, R-2, S-4

(C) P-5, Q-3, R-1, S-2

(D) P-1, Q-4, R-3, S-1

Ans: (C) P-5, Q-3, R-1, S-2

Q. 38- Match the contemporary Urban Design Movements listed in Column – I with the corresponding principles listed in Column – II and select the appropriate option.

(A) P-2, Q-3, R-4, S-1

(B) P-1, Q-5, R-3, S-2

(C) P-5, Q-3, R-1, S-2

(D) P-2, Q-5, R-4, S-1

Ans: A or D

Q. 39- Match the figures of vaults in Column – I with their corresponding types in Column – II and select the appropriate option.

(A) P-3, Q-4, R-1, S-2

(B) P-3, Q-1, R-4, S-5

(C) P-2, Q-1, R-5, S-3

(D) P-2, Q-3, R-1, S-5

Ans: (A) P-3, Q-4, R-1, S-2

Q. 40- A colony of 50 people is served by a septic tank. The rate of water supply is 90 1pcd in the colony and 40% of it is going to the septic tank. The retention period of the tank is 24 hours. The length of the septic tank is _____ meter (rounded off to two decimal places).

Assume, storage capacity/person = 0.085m3 (3 years)
Space for digestion = 0.0425 m3/person
Depth of tank = 1.4 m
Length: Width = 2:1

Ans: 3.40 to 3.45

Q.41- A cone, with a base of 10 cm diameter and axis of 12 cm, is lying on Horizontal Plane (HP) along its generator. The internal angle which the base of the cone makes with the HP is _______ degrees.

Ans: 67.0 to 68.0

Q.42- A public utility building of 5000 m2 was constructed 5 years before, in a site of 1 hectare. The present value of open land in that location is Rs. 100/m2 and present construction cost of such building is Rs. 2500/m2. If the value of the building is assumed to be depreciating at a constant rate of 6 percent per annum, then the present value of the property using ‘Valuation by Cost Method’ is ______ (in Rs. lakhs) (rounded off to one decimal place).

Ans: 101.0 to 104.0

Q.43- A residential area of 20 heatares is planned for three different types of plots of 500 m2, 300 m2 and 200 m2 with numbers of plot in each category are 100, 120 and 150 respectively. The rest of the area is allocated for roads and facilities as schools, shops and parks. Each plot has one dwelling unit and the average household size is 5 persons. The net residential density of the area in persons hectare is _____.

Ans: 159 to 160

Q.44- In a single lane road, traffic volume of 1000 vehicle/h moving at 20 km/h, comes to a halt due to an accident. If jam density is 150 vehicle of the stock wave generated (in absolute value) is ______km/h.

Ans: 9.9 to 10.1

Q.45- In a site map, a rectangular residential plot measures 150 mm x 40 mm, and the width of the front road in the map measures 16 mm. Actual of the road is 4 m. If the permissible F. A. R. is 1.2, the maximum built-up area for the residential building will be ______ m2.

Ans: 450 to 450

Q.46- The internal dimension of a room is 10m x 10m x 4m (height). The total area of the doors and windows are 16 m2. Keeping the doors and windows closed, the reverberation time of the room becomes 1.2 second. Assume all the interior surfaces including doors and windows have same sound absorption coefficient. If all the doors and windows of the room are kept fully open, the reverberation time will be ______ second (rounded off to two decimal places).

Ans: 0.93 to 0.97

Q.47- A depressed portion of a land is identified by three closed contours, as shown in the figure below. The area bounded by three contour lines are 6 m2, 24 m2 and 96 m2 respectively.

The contour interval is 1 m. Using prismoidal method, the volume of the earth needed to fill the land depression is _______m3.

Ans: 65 to 76

Q.48- Solar panels are proposed to be installed on a building roof top to generate electricity. The size of each solar panel is 2 m2. The efficiency of each panel is 75%. The orientations of the solar panel and related solar data are given in the below.

As per the above proposal _______ kWh solar power will be generated daily. (rounded off to one decimal place)

Ans: 28.4 to 28.6

Q.49- A power shovel is having 1.8 m3 excavation output per batch of operation. The average cycle time of the batch operation is 45 seconds. The lost time per hour of the excavation activity is 10 minutes. Assume six working hours of operation per day. The amount of soil excavated by the power shovel per day is _______ m3 (rounded off to two decimal places).

Ans: 719.75 to 720.25

Q.50- A room having dimension 12m x 10 m x 3.5 m is required to be mechanically ventilated by air-conditioner. The temperature difference between outdoor ambient air and the supply air is 12 0C. Consider three air exchanges per hour. The volumetric specific heat of the air is 1250 J/m3 0C. Assume one ton of refrigeration (TR) is equal to 3.5 kW. The capacity of the air-conditioner for the room in TR will be _______.

Ans: 1.49 to 1.51

Q.51- A simply supported beam AB has a clear span of 7 meter. The bending moment diagram (BMD) of the beam due to a single concentrated load is shown in the figure below.

The magnitude of the concentrated load in kN is ________.

Ans: 21 to 21

Q.52- For a symmetrical trapezoidal open drain in a landscape with grass and loose rock surface, the velocity of flow of water is ______ m/sec, (rounded off to two decimal places), given the following data.

Water edge width at the top = 750 mm
Water edge width at the bottom = 450 mm
Water depth = 600 mm
Manning’s coefficient of roughness = 0.05
Slope along the drain = 1 in 250

Ans: 0.40 to 0.50

Q.53- The stack pressure is created by 10 m height of stack and 15 0C temperature difference. The motive force due to the stack pressure over a cross section area of 2.5 m2 is ______ N.

Ans: 15.0 to 16.0

Q.54- An industrial building contains 3000 kg of combustible materials, in dry state, distributed over three rooms of area 100 m2, 500 m2 and 300 m2 each, in a proportion of 30%, 50% and 20% of the contents, respectively. Calorific value of the material is 4400 kCal/kg. The Total Fire Load of the rooms is equal to _______ kCal/m2.

Ans: 61500 to 61700 OR 14600 to 14700

Q.55- A simple truss is shown in the figure below. The truss is loaded with horizontal and vertical force 15 kN and 25 kN, respectively. The force in the meter AB will be _______ kN.

Ans: 20 to 20

End of Paper

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